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FILE - File photo dated Sept  28  1938 showing Italian dictator Benito Mussolini  at left in foreground  and  Nazi leader Adolf Hitler  at right  taken just before the four power conference in Munich  Germany  As a gesture of friendship  Hitler met  Mussolini with his car at the Italo-German frontier  Benito Mussolini was a fierce anti-Semite  who proudly said that his hatred for Jews preceded Adolf Hitler s and vowed to  destroy them all   according to previously unpublished diaries by the Fascist dictator s longtime mistress  According to the diaries  Mussolini also talked about the warm reception he got from Hitler at the 1938 Munich conference - he called the German leader a  softie  - and attacked Pope Pius XI for his criticism of Nazism and Fascism  The dairies kept by Claretta Petacci  Mussolini s mistress  between 1932 and 1938 are the subject of a book coming out the week beginning Monday Nov  16  2009   in Italy  entitled  Secret Mussolini   Excerpts were published Monday by Italy s leading daily Corriere della Sera and confirmed by publisher Rizzoli  On a more intimate note  Mussolini was explicit about his sexual appetites for his mistress and said he regretted having affairs with several other women   AP Photo File

Robert O. Paxton hace la Anatomía del Fascismo en un ensayo inquietante y cercano

¿Está Europa avanzando hacia el fascismo? El ensayo Anatomía del fascismo  podría ayudar a responder esta pregunta. Allí, Robert O. Paxton nos invita a salir de las definiciones tradicionales y de los estereotipos y nos centra no en la reflexión sobre lo que dijeron, sino en qué hicieron los fascistas italianos y alemanes. El resultado […]

Holocausto

¿Hemos aprendido las lecciones del Holocausto?

Parte Timothy Snyder de una afirmación tremenda: no hemos aprendido las lecciones del Holocausto. En el pensamiento de Hitler, que tenía un fuerte fundamento en la realidad material y ecológica del planeta, hay fuerzas que están presentes en nuestro tiempo, y que podrían volver a plantear un escenario de aniquilación de judíos o de otros […]